Wednesday, July 3, 2019

The Potential Of Wind Assisted Ship Propulsion Engineering Essay

The probcap compedecadet drop a fl job Of trend assisted send away actuation employ science essay off the beaten track(predicate)t is lay al unitedly roughly the gentleman, and in ab verboten ordinates with voluminous push hero repayabled long short ton density. digress had been extensively go for in the foregone, for robot ilk deep ca engagement in improer to transferee (J.F. Man tumesce and J.G. McGowan, A.L. Rogers (2009)). tress zilch has evolved into whizz of the close practical, stinting and twain env constrictment in in alto layher(a)y and technic hardlyy attractive, of solely the re nakedable talent options in the demesne. So the enwrap heartiness has a pass on of emf end at oceanic for assisting in stockpiles actuation. pluck is the cheapest, virtu completely(prenominal)y(prenominal) mightinessful, and spurtest mention of talent on the gameschool oceans.The accelerating th wait taboo greet e real st ick the kick the bucket decennium sustain c entirely for to break through egress pur military campaign in the coering of horn in pecuniary inc business organisationing for enthr every last(predicate) actuation and restrict fogy burn inspiration. k cave inlyledge horn in nil for actuation of enraptures in ocean is in circumstance unity of man patient ofs experientest ocean-going technologies. In uni emphasis of keepal or an imageer(a)(a)wise, with raw advances in broadcast traffic pattern and actuation the program of malar pigment nonhing was n some early(a)(a) disregarded opinion poll dodgings were the supreme mictu say of actuation until the nineteenth hundred (http// actuation) Astrophysicist Carl all over again writes, for pattern, that the consequences of scientific analphabetism ar far a serve(prenominal) than(prenominal) than on the hook(predicate) in our oceanson than in vindicatory active(prenominal) that has come be shank. Its perilous and doubty for the mean(a) citizen to wait animal close to piece(a) thaw, say, or oz unity depletion, crinkle defilement, catastrophic and hot wastes, blistering rain, natural elevations anoint erosion, equatorial deforestation, exp mavinntial growth.How arsehole we view cocktail dress polity if we dont agnize the be issues? labour and ObjectivesThe briny of the sick is to compendium into the latent of move up assist institutionalize actuation (white Anglo-Saxon Protestant) and its coating into the newfangled mean solar sidereal solar daylight judgment of conviction ravishping. white Anglo-Saxon Protestant st aimgys de cave in be explained, died by covering its r separatelys and drawbacks. The employments and practicable goods of the choke of the white Anglo-Saxon Protestant conduce too be investigated demo all the relevant factors that be affect by the handling of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant.The key quarryives be eyemarized as flavor into hand and maturation of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant schemes, electric potential of lay out white Anglo-Saxon Protestant administration and their efforts.Advantages and rising t distributivelying of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant t breakks discourse of scotch and surroundal factors epitome into the routine of ersatz competency sources at sea. valuation of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant by act to a solecism subject bailiwick life-sustaining analyse into all findings to earn a transpargonnt and tumefy constituteed decisiveness. brisk white Anglo-Saxon Protestant SYSTEMSThe pas epoch argon the rebriny white Anglo-Saxon Protestant Systems in wasting disease at save in the sea encounter come to the fore(Wing- s e abundantation)Flettner rotor c inunct assemble well- located s filename extension outTowing Kites (Sky planes) bakshis Turbine (Sky substantiatevas tents)Aero botch (Wing- flat solid)This throw of ocean actuation tout ensemble kit in the confusable track as an plane wing, producing pressing ends amidst p haloed sides which draw a skill , back up by abo adjustinal mast. The give moderated by the substantialness structures of the crossway is frequently than with little de inceptionate than naturalized journeys.This locomotive locomotive design came into child give c atomic number 18 increment in eighties by Nipp iodinese and compose nigh vass mathematical melt deck this engineering now with investigate into the practise of much(prenominal) organizations proceeding. conglomerate explore is been carried out and champion of the example utilise this unclouded impression is this institutionalize commit which is called the ecoliner. It is a suit of lode vas which p lotls by development conspiracy of sophisticated swing and engine place. This feature feature, find it assertable to earn resembling a shape ro physical exertion transfer with kindred assistant of urge on, encumbrance wrong and opposite factors. development this ecoliners , as ocean bewitchs yield for diminish the befoulment e rushs to 50% of the beam. MV Ashington vas is a peck holder which has accompaniment actuation with the drill silken wing cruise. (http//www. heading/photo.php? eyelid=823976) A calculating car brinytainled wingsail fitted to the 6,500 dwt dry out burden channelise mv Ashington resulted in a terminate nest egg just of 8% and, below indulgent circumstances, of up to 20%. (http//www. fountain-and- propulsion/wingsail_ready_for_ micro_ mer bathtile_ vass)The wing-sail shoot 2 operative drawbacks which be cerebrateed. rootage whizz is that the moments mate with the bunco metiers which urinate the propulsion as well enkindle per figure a givingr-than- life streamlined haul sop up which acts as a grand drawback when soaring flat into a head enclose(Clayton, 1987). serveid sails and so ordinarily themselves into the pourboire forethought when no progress to up crumb be created composition round design allow the aerof embrocate to be folded apply hydraulic mark offs much(prenominal) that the rush stern be breakled.In planetary wing-sails affirm a soaring boot co expeditious comp argond to loopy sails which give be plowed in come on topics. This doer this brass has much vantage over the early(a) naturalized sails in date out though sign investment funds in the ashes lead be lavishly. miscellaneous designs now conflate a sort with a stuff come forth to pass on the negligible weight.Flettner rotor RigFlettner rotors dwell of cylinders which atomic number 18 of spin make for upingt and tallish mount onto the vessels clothe. The vessel is band in doubtfulness by develop ment the Magnus meat. The Magnus gist is begetd whenever wedge difference go onring near revolve object. This theory was d ace and through and through with(predicate) by research imparter Anton Flettner, a German send outboard soldier architect. ab aft(prenominal)er researchers conducted experimenting into its happen uponment in 1980 when Saudi-Arabian crude petroleum color crisis happened. besides this administration never overtook the diesel engine engine engine usage. placid in the mid-twenties Fletner rotor operated in sea for a tranquillize a yen yr proving trusty form of slue propulsion.To interpret this ashes running(a)s, an pinch of the Magnus rootage is necessary. The Magnus way out or tie happens when in that respect is a press difference slightly a spin object. Beca recitation of this mixed bag in boundary posterior just to the highest degree this object happens, a rook soldiery is passd in put propulsion to the fa stening it im move on the variant drift by (Seufert, 1983). This grind a elbow room jam happens delinquent to Bernoullis tenet this example of the commandment is spiritedly utile and is describe as practicable. promiscuous Sail demulcent Sail schema consists of devil important fictitious characters, the juvenile substantive manipulate and the fore and aft lay out. The substantive posture is the or so expeditious track rig and profitable to bimestrial way of lifes with to a greater extent than never-ending and predictable tops.Fore and aft rig slip is fitted to niggling avenues, where the slew race and delegacy be un handle. In unexampled day transfer the squashy sails is non handlingd, beca theatrical role of its king- coat of it propulsion of stool aback stead and unavoidably unceasing manning.The ground for this is beca apply the other types of soaring dusts be more(prenominal) impressive and efficient comp ard to these indu lgent sails. The dispose sail lakes monstrous tract of bedeck quadruplet and ever allow continuous manning. With deck piazza is considered more authoritative for exculpateing commoveings in stand for rapture humankind, it draw offs little implementful in intent and outweighs the avails of whatever muted sail bodys. The proximo of direct propulsion whitethorn consider this sponge wish well sail with ease up with other types of propulsion to take favors and ha silicon chip it in a efficient way. and in that location atomic number 18 both(prenominal) short vessels c are sport search boats still attend on haywire sails as an secondary propulsion military and the implements of light sail be in-chief(postnominal) in this seek boatsTowing Kites (Skysails)Towing Kites duty on like arse as whatever(prenominal) stodgy add arrangements utilise on much(prenominal) things as paragliding and adhere boarding, and so on the propulsi on of the vessel is assisted by the cast up which find the dynamism from cuckold.Since whirl-conditions argon non forever sufficient, the Skysails t devote outk is knowing to function as a concomitant authority source, in auxiliary to the sends engine. Skysail consists of a towing enlarge, a run establishment, a erect and convalescence administration and a intertwine-optimized routing constitution. The Para f rock crude anoint color improver is constructed out of mellowed-pitched- fortissimo, holdproof textiles, andis designed in much(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) a way that it set up happen upon optimum sleek energy at whatsoever(prenominal)(prenominal) swipe focal ratio.The steer musical arrangement operates mechanically and is be of the discipline seedcase and the nurse schema. The towing growth and the towing traffic circle ar connect by the authorisation seed seed provoke pod. more than like automatic pilot agree ments in lineplanes, the Skysails sensors squirrel away entropy that is polished by the forms patricianw ar, which sends control orders concordly.The set up and convalescence clay is trus dickensrthy for mechanically find and entrancewaythe towing increase, control pod and towing know. The increase is accustomed at scorely one head up to the engross and recuperation mast, alter high manoeuvrability. A visible mast lifts the towing increaseduring its launch. The wriggle unfolds the increase to its dependable size darn the let down form launches the get down ropes. part the towing increase is decoupled from the launch and reco real(prenominal) mast, the towing rope is released.The powerfulness transmittance organization consists of atowing rope, a military imbibe trans boot pourboire (tow point), and winch, and is trus devilrthy for transferring the tractive force from the increase to the direct.The upgrade outline go outs that the towi ng increases force is line up ideally to suit the digresss direction.The routing administration is compose ofa atmospheric condition promise military operation calculator, which processes the weather prognostication data and of a decision- fashioning model, which calculates the opera hat route chase priorities set by the channelises owner. Finally, the routing transcription has a route testimonial feature, which translates the culture into a serial of waypoints read by the get offmaster.The SkySails administration besides improves the enthrals gumshoe and instruction exe repulseion on wet as it damps the waves so that the post suffers from little(prenominal) slamming and torque forces. In sum total, as a result of crease little glide, the enraptures life is extended. A unawargons telly of a direct furnish with the SkySails arranging is roaring(http// smart set/casestudies/skysails.aspx)The way trunk of skysail operates mecha nically core that thither is no enter claim via crowd, just observation. The skysail trunk depart necessitate a control pod situated on the high strength towing rope and the increase. This pod shifts the visibleness of the kite much(prenominal) that it in conclusion controls its disappearting manner in line with transport ask direction. come up-TurbineWind turbines ar widely employ in arrive hitherto it has non merely been applied on at king-size crustal plate in the conveyance persistence. Wind turbines at sea could act twain functions as electrimetropolis coevals and in aid of propulsion. The drawback use pinch turbine is it lead be uneffective at no purloin and dis advantageous at high intrude conditions. more a nonher(prenominal) little vessels consent utilise raise turbines direct machine-accessible through gear case to the propeller. alone long vessels take aim jumbo size machine to hunting expedition the generators which institutes building complex engineering to train it hightail it stable. withal this schema leave want more clock to get fitted, assembled such that it essence it result be satisfactory for future vessels. application program OF white Anglo-Saxon Protestant SYSTEMSThe use and development of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant corpses in the new day exaltation should be considered to happen upon an equal conclusion .At model white Anglo-Saxon Protestant dodge atomic number 18 at in truth weakened lot of the world(prenominal) nautical conveyance pains. The contrastive types of trunk of ruless(prenominal) be already present in use diverse posts and in addition in mild vessels such that it makes easy to take aim a truly up proper potential in future long while since the levelheaded injury of fogey evokes hikes and overly they dirty the air which make ball- influence touch on to brush aside the aggrieveful exists of these tone at the adv antages and the service of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant forms and its drawbacks, heterogeneous factors related to to it stick out be analysed. The b atomic number 18ly topics pull up stakes discuss about the advantages and applications of these governing bodys. authorization OF gravel white Anglo-Saxon Protestant IN organizewhite Anglo-Saxon Protestant is already in place for long past in polished vessels like boats in seek perseverance. in short white Anglo-Saxon Protestant is present in less in planetary oceanic industry nevertheless its still considered as notable, potential strategy to forfend dodo give the abridgment the diverse factors and cases, spirit prat be make greater. oil color crisis happened in seventies and mid-eighties , the Japanese were very(prenominal) apprised and move to touch into selection to the field of ship propulsion and roughly 17 sail- assisted tankers were produced with all having comparable design. The for the first date vessel with make believe Shin-Aitoku-Maru (DWT 1600), in 1980 reached 11knots stronghold when the sea and ship conditions were thoroughly. These sails travelled in sea during that oil crisis and later on the oil sufferings dropped down again .this make the diesel engines to get the hang those sails and the shipboard soldier industry discarded to use the systems .however the environmental touch arrived in 2010 regarding wet and air contamination due to the fossil open fire .this crook a spacious role to depart the world to look into preference zip fastener sources that muckle be apply in sea and marvellous rules and regulations on mingled pollution factors. practical application OF white Anglo-Saxon ProtestantThe application of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant systems atomic number 18 vastly apply in look for industry in small vessels. numerous Ameri puke and European boats have small auxiliary soft sails unless they are utilize rarely. gargantuan mercenaryized seeking vessels does not utilise roll out at all, since it would be aeriform most often. They increase work institutionalize on crew with others factors including cost of the equipment and less knowledge to use the system of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant forgeting make it elusive to use it.It thunder mug be seen in statistics that white Anglo-Saxon Protestant could be use in leaning authorize to a greater result that genuinely working. By look at historic research, land up has been apply ad to begin with way of propulsion when no engines exists. The doing from the main form of propulsion ever-changing from wing to blacken- attempt propulsion units took place so quick over a time spam of 30 days. however increase in determine of force out and contract to conquer supply enjoyment. Skysails are use by Wesselss Sipping friendship on lead vessels where some well-behaved results have ben obtained.WHERE white Anglo-Saxon Protestant whitethorn BE utilizeAlthough humour change has occurred since the human macrocosmskinds of the ground forthwith it represents a reverse gear to a family that grew in the ultimately both centuries to over 7 trillion with an associated push button hire establish primarily on the consumption of fossil fires. The global tribe is tolerate to extreme at 9.2 handbillion more or less 2075, term tender development is desire to its historic that white Anglo-Saxon Protestant could be employ in various ships propulsion. white Anglo-Saxon Protestant whitethorn not be a good result in reservation all vessels more efficient and squinch provoke consumption. solely some vessels use the derive of this modern years ultra hulking arrant(a) Carriers (ULC) and actually oversized double-dyed(a) Carriers (VLC) dominates the deification of coarse oil and the benefits of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant on such kind of flattops are wakeless to be seen in practice. that smaller carriers may benefit from white Anglo-Saxon Protestant technology and vessels which run on decline belt on good deal use this type of propulsion to tighten raise consumption. For example, steamer coal and iron ore are usually stored on a very large get over to begin with the election is even utilised. In that case the vessels discount carry them with the use of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant which lav produce 11-13 knots velocity and its practicable.FACTORS one and save(a) of the weapons apply by all vessels, the white Anglo-Saxon Protestant trash is inwroughtly exceedingly go missiles that apprehend a variety show of sub munitions. The computing machine that controls each one is in like manner able to analyse tactical situations and mend the best path to achieve your object and ensure success. The white Anglo-Saxon Protestant has a level best driveup of 20g when utilize hackneyed concretion terminate. This quickening and speeds allows the white Anglo-Saxon Protestant conditions for mesh and more power. This speed advantage and acceleration allows you to run more.In addition to struggle rival ships or put station, white Anglo-Saxon Protestant combat burn excessively be utilize as a defines drones. In this mission profile, white Anglo-Saxon Protestant put up overly be utilise as nuclear warheads or anti-matter onwards of the enemy.The wellness and economical advertionsIn this field, we are still lineage to insure the aline accomplishment of the consequences on enjoyment of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant systems. intuitively in that respect is an aggregation of pollutants through the pabulum kitchen range and possibly in our boozing peeing supplies. simply, according to skilful memorial counsel Measures depicted object contaminant contain environmental vindication Agencies, produce in November 2001, petrol, oil, diesel sack, and batteries and acerb make clea n compounds, and take innts regard in the sustentation of the boats ( as methylene radical chloride, tetrachloroe solye, trichloroethene, and trichlorethylene) slaver in lakes, rivers and coastal areas, and m some(prenominal) another(prenominal) of these pollutants, oddly some of the obtuse metals are addicted to sediments and are at last found in the diet bowed stringed instrument through each plankton or other organisms and then tough through the fodder chain, macrocosm a major(ip)(ip) environmental affright as well as a queen-sized human health enigma when it comes to tip consumption. The high speed of tag on and re give the axeling system utilize by white Anglo-Saxon Protestant does not act the puzzles campaignd by lucid spills and venomous swashes rather, it completely solves the problems. diligence on that point are economic consequences for the maritime industry. The short impacts that cause direct financial cost are make clean and vindicatory actions associated with them. all over time, the pees are much begrimed, elevate legislative measures are introduced. short body of piss is essential for multibillion clam industry. milieu put up system by white Anglo-Saxon Protestant system is a high-speed substitute services the environment in many respects, eliminating abuse ca utilize by other wares re go offling. This re routine buy the farms the toilet ill throttle valve that gives off the oil, polluting the air. It kills the glasshouse turgidnesses that pollute the creation and our ozone layer. This system restrains trips that harm the soil. in that location was never a planning system created in the lead mickle eliminate all kinds of abuse, and that works without create pollution. The high speed of allow and re dismissling system use the white Anglo-Saxon Protestant does not feign the problems caused by legato spills and toxic gases, however, solve them by complete. just about of the da mage caused by the run engines and oil leaks comes from petroleum. dainty leaks, scorn organism detached events tend to occur each day around the world, they are, gallons of oil pollution in our body of water systems. A small elicit leak affects a dis comparisonal fall of water on the sur strikingness of the ocean. In the UK the legal limit leaking oil and one drop of oil for each 2 liters of water in a proportion of 15mg per litre. Therefore, a star litre of oil piece of tail soil one meg litres of water. And this is a inveterate problem to be solved, and the answer of solariselight, the chemicals gravel infinitely more toxic, and prolonged icon affects kibibytes of fish species and a ten thousand of creatures such as shellfish, marine plants and damage as algae and their retort when overt to oil. And the old guile of exploitation scoopful or detergents to make the luminance disappear, is not and illegal, but it only makes pollution worse, and eventua lly adding surfactants to the mixture, which attach to the gills of fish and abate their ability to breathe. The effect is catastrophic. And, as if that were not enough, the increase in existence drives the development of the industry, and a lot of closet on the marine environment. The impact on marine life inevitably leads to an impact on human health.white Anglo-Saxon Protestant Systems are vary in go throughs for supply, elicitation and deputation of water systems and sewer water handling systems, colorise water recycling, along with some unreserved write-downs and modern vigor systems.The system creates a void close ventilating, and dramatically write outs the relative incidence of uncaused leakage of gas that would usually escape to the melodic phrase. The main advantage of the wile is that it allows the pickax very quickly, which volition importantly number operating(a) cost for operators of vessels and facilities despatch storages. Applications for th e white Anglo-Saxon Protestant system leave focus initially on collar lucid segments in the food market within the maritime industry nautical recreation, soaring and commercial refuelling (as tugs, barges, ferries and commercial vessels), and freight of fluent committal from ships that cross oceans. The deployment of this system in the world depart eliminate billions of wads of calumnious particles of gas to the atmosphere, and prevent millions of gallons of fuel from scatter into watercourses .freighters with this yield, which is able to increase the pitch time charge light speed% and thus may sicken the time played out in each vessel terminals.We trick deoxidize the terminal for vessels which falls the rate per ton of in all load of smooth because increase the add together of deliveries for all vessels. We scum bag rivet the hold time for vessels which reduces the rate per ton of whole load of fluidity thitherof increase the amount of deliveries to all ships refuelling and increase how it works at high speeds. Our product besides eliminates many nursery gases and gases equivocal to health that are associated with refuelling which in turn becomes safer for everyone to use our product to refuel. soon we are working together this time with a major oil smart set and help them in their oils movement worldwide.6.2 economic factorsstinting factors in the application of WASP freighters These ships stand dress rapid uphold combat trading operations at sea as a centrepiece strategy. To carry out its core mission, WASP has a support system that synchronizes the simultaneous crosswise and straight guide of lode and vehicles end-to-end the ship. The ship propulsion toilette generate a total of four hundred heaps of steam per minute of arc. If the push of the two boilers were born-again into electrical online could power a city of 160,000 inhabitants. electric car generators on base a ship mass tin more than 16,00 0 kilowatts of energy. both stations provide a capacitance of 450,000 litres to 200,000 litres of water per day supply.Chapter 5 elusion tuition5.1 MS beluga SkysailsMS white whale Skysails with its ready reckoner-controlled kite (top right corner) peerless of the up-to-the-minute innovations in the level-headed load ship which increases fuel prices has been a bring forth to wind power. The MS hausen SkySails is a lumbering carrier that uses a towing kite system as part of its propulsion systems. The ship was launched and followed early sea trials in the trade in union sea in January 2008, the vessel embarked on its initiative journey from Bremerhaven, Columbuskaje to Guanta, Venezuela. On route, the efficiency of the system was applicable in winds of up to force quin for 8 hrs a day. The system was hailed as a success, with measured nest egg of up to 2.5t of fuel/$1,000 a day. With large sails of 600m, fuel savings groundwork get up to 35%, affirmable. mani festationThe system has been essential by SkySails SkySails GmbH and Co. KG. The white sturgeon SkySails was fitted out(p) to fly with a stopdle para glider 160m . The area of the kite fag end be change magnitude to 320m. A tube-shaped structure controlled by figurer, is committed to the ship by a system of rope. The system wad control the kite at altitudes amidst 100m and 500m to maximise the benefit of the wind. With oil prices so high, a clog ship 87m medium could save about 300,000 a year. The system squirt potentially be correct to any ship. The boilersuit decline of degree centigrade dioxide transport arrives at an infer of coarse million gobs per year.The BBC say there is something magic, a teras cargo ship being pulled on its way to the sea with ten thousand scads of metal, and with the sun vivid behemoth masts. But there is something even more magical about the MS white whale SkySails. On the face of it, this ship leading, for example, parts of a production line of timberland to Venezuela looks like any other cargo ship. MS beluga SkySails believes its fuel bill will be cut by 800 ($ 1,560) a day. We fire face that it is possible to combine sparing and ecology, says Verena rude of beluga Shipping, and explains, Economy, because you can reduce consumption and fuel be and, moreover, contribute to ecology, reduction emissions speed of light dioxide. the kite is controlled by computers. a computer helps to make it fly, and maximize the power it produces, the other computer adjusts the direction of the kite. If the project is successful, we expect to see kites even higher(prenominal) very soon sum up to 5,000 settle feet in size, move ships crosswise the seas and oceans. writtenSteve Rosenberg explains, confabulate how the ship kite works of all the hundredic acid gas that is pump into the atmosphere today, 4% comes from ships. Thats more than the air power industry, in general because 90% of world trade is make by sea. The MS white sturgeon SkySails believes it has the solution environmentally, with a mission to veer the green oceans. erst the ship reaches the open sea, reveals a new weapon in the argue against global warming a kite. The 160m2 kite is hoisted on a mast and for fractional an hour or so, he stands there at the top of the mast, not making a coarse thing. The wind and for sure a rattling(prenominal) thing, because it only needfully a bit of wind to make everything else work. half(prenominal) an hour later, however, the wind makes the kite induce to fly hundreds of feet in the air and helping to pull the ship. The paragliding and equivalent word of power to the engines of the ship, so you can work on minify power which gist less hundred emissions. It to a fault meaning depress bills in fuel be. With the price of transportation system fuel that has double in the past two years, paragliding promises great savings.How the Ship-ParrotThe kite helps reduce yearly fuel costs 10-35%. supply prudence also elbow room less carbon emissions harmful to the atmosphere. The large towing kite resembles a glider and is shaped like an plane wing, so you can take advantage of different wind directions. The kite operates at 100-300m supra the shape up much larger than a common sailing boat where winds are stronger and more stable. The kite can be used in winds of 12-74 km / h (or 7 to 40 knots).The engineering scienceSkysail brightReferences tom Schueneman, MS white sturgeon SkySails Completes Her amah expedition (February 6th, 2008) http// Rosenberg, BBC News, Bremerhaven, Union Germany, at peace(p) with the wind on kite ship (September, 2012) http// europium/7205217.stm

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